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Vitamin K1
Vitamin K1

Vitamin K1, also known as phylloquinone, is primarily recognized for its crucial role in the process of blood coagulation. Beyond its well-known effects on blood clotting, recent research has highlighted its potential benefits in skin care, particularly in managing bruising, dark circles under the eyes, and improving skin elasticity. Its mechanisms of action involves the regulation of blood clotting and reduction of blood leakage into the skin and soft tissues. This property makes it particularly useful in topical treatments aimed at minimizing bruising and under-eye dark circles, which are often caused by fragile capillaries leaking small amounts of blood.

Studies have suggested that when applied topically, Vitamin K1 can help reduce the severity and duration of bruising after laser procedures or surgical treatments. It is believed to aid in the body's process of reabsorbing blood near the skin's surface, thereby reducing the appearance of bruises.

Physiological Effects Of Vitamin K1
  1. Blood Clotting and Bruising: Vitamin K1 plays a critical role in the blood clotting process. It helps in reducing the appearance of bruises on the skin by aiding the body's natural healing process in resolving blood clots.
  2. Improving Skin Elasticity: It is believed to help improve skin elasticity and may reduce the appearance of wrinkles.
  3. Wound Healing: Vitamin K1 can assist in the skin's healing process, although its effectiveness in wound healing needs further research.
  4. Under-Eye Circles: Topical application of Vitamin K1 is thought to reduce the appearance of dark circles under the eyes by strengthening capillary walls and reducing the visibility of blood vessels beneath the skin.
Role in Managing Dermatological Conditions
  1. Postoperative Bruising: It is often used in topical creams for reducing bruising following cosmetic skin procedures.
  2. Dark Circles Under the Eyes: Creams containing Vitamin K1 are used to diminish the appearance of dark circles caused by visible blood vessels or hyperpigmentation.
  3. Skin Aging: Its potential anti-aging properties might be beneficial in products targeting aging skin concerns.
  • Shah, N. S., et al. (2002). The effects of topical vitamin K on bruising after laser treatment. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.
  • Cohen, J. L., & Bhatia, A. C. (2009). The role of topical vitamin K oxide gel in the resolution of postprocedural purpura. Journal of Drugs in Dermatology.
  • AlQdah, T. (2021). Vitamin K in Dermatology. Dermatology Practical & Conceptual.