Skip to content

Cart

Your cart is empty

1
Bha
Salicylic acid
Salicylic acid

Salicylic acid, a renowned beta hydroxy acid (BHA), stands as a cornerstone in the realm of dermatology and skincare due to its exceptional keratolytic and comedolytic properties. It has a unique ability to penetrate oil-laden hair follicle pores, making it particularly effective in treating acne-prone and oily skin types.

Salicylic acid works by dissolving the type of skin debris that clogs pores and causes acne, namely sebum and dead skin cells. It's a mild anti-bacterial- and a powerful anti-inflammatory agent, which help to reduce the redness and swelling associated with breakouts.

What sets salicylic acid apart in dermatological treatments is its ability to exfoliate the skin not just on the surface, but within the pores themselves. This is due to its oil-soluble nature, allowing it to penetrate deep into the pores and dissolve the keratin plugs that lead to blackheads and whiteheads.

Furthermore, salicylic acid also has the capacity to adjust the pH of the skin, creating an environment less favorable for the growth of acne-causing bacteria. Salicylic acid's efficacy in treating various skin conditions, particularly acne, has been extensively documented in the scientific literature. Studies have consistently shown its ability to reduce acne lesions, both in terms of count and severity. Additionally, salicylic acid is highly recommended for its effectiveness in treating other skin conditions, such as psoriasis and dandruff, due to its ability to soften and remove scales and flakes from the skin.

Physiological Effects of Salicylic Acid
  1. Keratolytic Action: Salicylic acid is known for its ability to exfoliate the skin by dissolving the intercellular 'glue' that holds skin cells together, helping to remove dead skin cells and unclog pores.
  2. Comedolytic Effect: It is particularly effective in reducing comedones (blackheads and whiteheads) by unclogging pores and preventing the formation of new comedones.
  3. Anti-inflammatory Properties: Salicylic acid reduces inflammation, which is beneficial in treating acne and other inflammatory skin conditions.
  4. Sebum Regulation: It helps to regulate oil production, making it a valuable ingredient for managing oily and acne-prone skin.
  5. Penetration Enhancement: Due to its lipophilic nature, it can penetrate sebum-filled follicles, making it effective in treating acne located deep within the pores.
Role in Managing Dermatological Conditions
  1. Acne Vulgaris: Salicylic acid is a cornerstone in acne treatment, effective in both preventing and treating existing acne lesions.
  2. Psoriasis: Its keratolytic properties make it useful in softening and removing scales associated with psoriasis.
  3. Warts: Salicylic acid is commonly used in the treatment of warts due to its ability to exfoliate and remove the thickened skin.
  4. Seborrheic Dermatitis: It helps in managing seborrheic dermatitis by reducing scaling and redness.
  5. Keratosis Pilaris: Salicylic acid can aid in smoothing the rough bumps associated with keratosis pilaris.
References
  • Zaenglein, A. L., Pathy, A. L., Schlosser, B. J., Alikhan, A., Baldwin, H. E., Berson, D. S., & Thiboutot, D. M. (2016). Guidelines of care for the management of acne vulgaris. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 74(5), 945-973.e33.
  • Kornhauser, A., Coelho, S. G., & Hearing, V. J. (2010). Applications of hydroxy acids: classification, mechanisms, and photoactivity. Clinical, cosmetic and investigational dermatology, 3, 135.
  • Zander, E., & Weisman, S. (1992). Treatment of acne vulgaris with salicylic acid pads. Clinical Therapeutics.
  • Gupta, A. K., & Nicol, K. (2004). The use of sulfur in dermatology. Journal of Drugs in Dermatology.